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Biology Vocab

All Biology classes

Students will be assigned 10 vocab terms every week.

This is a routine assignment. Terms will be available on classroom board and here.

Terms will be posted on Mondays and due on Thursdays.

Late work policy: 10 pts off/day. Will not be accepted after 3 days. Weekends and holidays count!

Assignments can be turned in the classroom homework bin or emailed: dmelino@sbrsd.org

Standard & College Prep students – define vocabulary term. If you find more than one possible definition, select one that is related to science or current unit. Select a definition that makes sense to you.

HONORS students only – please define term AND use properly in a sentence

#1. Due September 7th

  1. Biology
  2. Organic
  3. Inorganic
  4. Carbon
  5. Nitrogen
  6. Hydrogen
  7. Organism
  8. Hypothesis
  9. Homeostasis
  10. Chemistry

#2. Due September 14th

  1. Protein
  2. Nucleic Acid
  3. Covalent Bond
  4. Ionic Bond
  5. Hypothesis
  6. Oxygen
  7. Nitrogen
  8. Hydrogen
  9. Sulfur
  10. Phosphorus

#3. Due September 21st

  1. Atom
  2. Element
  3. Molecule
  4. Scientific Method
  5. Independent Variable
  6. Dependent Variable
  7. Enzyme
  8. Activation Energy
  9. Catalyst
  10. Control (in an experiment)

#4. Due September 28th

  1. Eukaryote
  2. Prokaryote
  3. Taxonomy
  4. Autotroph
  5. Heterotroph
  6. Bacteria
  7. Protist
  8. Fungi
  9. Algae
  10. Cell theory

#5. Due October 5th

  1. Hypertonic
  2. Hypotonic
  3. Cell organelle
  4. Cell membrane
  5. Cell wall
  6. Nucleus
  7. Nucleolus
  8. Cytoplasm
  9. Chloroplast
  10. Cytoskeleton

#6. Due October 12th

  1. Vacuole
  2. Mitochondria
  3. Ribosome
  4. Endoplasmic Reticulum
  5. Golgi Apparatus
  6. Flagellum
  7. Archaebacteria
  8. Eubacteria
  9. Lysosome
  10. Centriole

#7. Due October 19th

  1. Carbon Dioxide
  2. Chlorophyll
  3. Photosynthesis
  4. Glucose
  5. Apoptosis
  6. Diffusion
  7. Facilitated Diffusion
  8. Osmosis
  9. Exocytosis
  10. Endocytosis

#8. Due October 26th

  1. ATP
  2. ADP
  3. Catabolism
  4. Electron Transport Chain
  5. ATP synthase
  6. Cellular Respiration
  7. Thylakoid
  8. Stroma
  9. Calvin Cycle
  10. Denaturation

#9. Due Nov. 2nd

  1. Anerobic Process
  2. Aerobic respiration
  3. Oxidation
  4. Krebs Cycle
  5. Glycolysis
  6. Lactic Acid Fermentation
  7. Citric Acid Cycle
  8. Pyruvate
  9. Hans Krebs
  10. Stem cell

#10. Due Nov. 16th *change in date

  1. DNA
  2. Mitosis
  3. Meiosis
  4. Chromatin
  5. Chromosome
  6. Centromere
  7. Spindle fibers
  8. Rosalind Franklin
  9. James Watson
  10. Francis Crick

#11. Due Nov. 30th

  1. Gamete
  2. Nucleotide
  3. Genetics
  4. Inheritance
  5. Genotype
  6. Phenotype
  7. Homozygous
  8. Heterozygous
  9. Dominant
  10. Recessive

#12. Due Dec. 7th

  1. Incomplete dominance
  2. RNA
  3. Amino acid
  4. Translation
  5. Transcription
  6. Template strand
  7. Helicase
  8. Mutation
  9. Biotechnology
  10. Genetic recombination

#13. Due Dec. 14th

  1. Gene therapy
  2. Genetic disorder
  3. ALS
  4. Turner syndrome
  5. Sickle cell amenia
  6. Huntington’s disease
  7. Down syndrome
  8. Cystic fibrosis
  9. Color blindness
  10. Cerebral palsy

#14. Due Jan. 5th  (review terms)

  1. Mitosis
  2. Meiosis
  3. Cellular Respiration
  4. Photosynthesis
  5. Cancer
  6. Gene
  7. DNA
  8. RNA
  9. Osmosis
  10. Diffusion

#15. Due Jan. 11th

  1. Genetics
  2. Inheritance
  3. Genotype
  4. Phenotype
  5. Gene
  6. Homozygous
  7. Heterozygous
  8. Dominant
  9. Recessive
  10. Incomplete dominance

#16. Due Jan. 18th

  1. Gametes
  2. Allele
  3. Autosome
  4. Stimuli
  5. Response
  6. Gregor Mendel
  7. Ploidy
  8. Diploid
  9. Haploid
  10. Homologous

#17. Due Feb. 1st

  1. Codominance
  2. Punnet Square
  3. Law of segregation
  4. Law of independent assortment
  5. Trait
  6. Hybrid
  7. Trisomy
  8. Fragile X syndrome
  9. Mono hybrid cross
  10. Dihybrid cross

 

#18. Due Feb. 8th

  1. Anatomy
  2. Physiology
  3. Tissue
  4. Organ
  5. Joint
  6. Tendon
  7. Cartilage
  8. Vertebra
  9. Ossification
  10. Neuron

#19. Due Feb. 15th

  1. Dermis
  2. Epidermis
  3. Marrow
  4. Arthritis
  5. Liver
  6. White Blood Cells
  7. Red Blood Cells
  8. Stem Cells
  9. Artery
  10. Vein

#20. Due March 1st

  1. Chyme
  2. Bolus
  3. Diaphragm
  4. Villi
  5. Viscera
  6. Melanin
  7. Fontanel
  8. Osteoporosis
  9. Scoliosis
  10. Epiglottis

#21. Due March 8th

  1. Estrogen
  2. Testosterone
  3. Progesterone
  4. Pharynx
  5. Larynx
  6. Tonsils
  7. Diaphragm (respiratory system)
  8. COPD
  9. Emphysema
  10. Pneumonia

#22. Due March 22nd

The following are all hormones. Please include where they are produced and what they do for the human body.

  1. Epinephrine
  2. Melatonin
  3. Thyroxine
  4. Follicle-stimulating hormone
  5. Glucagon
  6. Growth hormone
  7. Insulin
  8. Luteinizing hormone
  9. Oxytocin
  10. Prolactin

No vocab week of March 26th -Study for MCAS

#23. Due April 5th

  1. Platelet
  2. Hemoglobin
  3. Bile
  4. Gall Bladder
  5. Cranium
  6. Cerebellum
  7. Cerebrum
  8. Hypothalamus
  9. Dendrite
  10. Erythrocyte

4th Quarter

#24. Due April 12th

  1.  Zygote
  2. Oocyte
  3. Corpus Luteum
  4. Follicle
  5. Ovulation
  6. Infundibulum
  7. Androgen
  8. Bulbourethral gland
  9. Urethra
  10. Prostrate gland

#25. Due April 26th

  1. Evolution
  2. Adaptation
  3. Natural Selection
  4. Trait
  5. Species
  6. Charles Darwin
  7. Reproductive isolation
  8. Geographic isolation
  9. Vestigial
  10. Homologous

#26. Due May 3rd

  1. Finch
  2. Population
  3. Probability
  4. Speciation
  5. Biodiversity
  6. Extinction
  7. Variation
  8. Offspring
  9. Galapagos island
  10. Naturalist

#27. Due May 10th

  1. Fossil record
  2. Comparative anatomy
  3. Molecular evidence
  4. Observation
  5. Comparative embryology
  6. Survival
  7. Hybrid vigor
  8. Artificial selection
  9. Cladogram
  10. Convergent Evolution

#28. Due May 17th

  1. Taxon
  2. Natural Resource
  3. Keystone Species
  4. Indigenous Species
  5. Biotic
  6. Abiotic
  7. Niche
  8. Habitat
  9. Commensalism
  10. Biosphere

#29. Due May 24th

  1. Biome
  2. Rainforest
  3. Savanna
  4. Grassland
  5. Tundra
  6. Desert
  7. Bog
  8. Marsh
  9. Wetland
  10. Taiga

#30. Review Terms- Due May 31st

  1. Replication
  2. Transcription
  3. Nucleotide
  4. Fertilization
  5. Eukaryote
  6. Neuron
  7. Cellular Respiration
  8. Photosynthesis
  9. Prokaryote
  10. ATP

 

 

 

 

 

 

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